Victoria plum - The Victoria plum is a type of English plum. It was bred by Infruitec in SA and released in 1973. 11 Types of Plums 1) Damson Plum. 1/2 cup raisins. Plum, any of various trees or shrubs in the genus Prunus (family Rosaceae) and their edible fruits. Similar to citrus fruits, varieties of fruits classified as pepos are actually berries in botanical terms. What are the best and the worst fruits and berries to eat on a low-carb diet? Most of the European varieties are oval, purple plums, used to make dried plums, or prunes. The two main types of plums, grown commercially, are the European kind and the Japanese kind. It may seem surprising at first that plums and almonds are related, but almonds are in essence a type of plum where the nut (inside the stone) rather than the flesh is eaten. The characteristic flavour of almonds can also sometimes be detected in cooked European plums, particularly the popular English Victoria plum. Some types of plums are definitely better than others, depending on what you use them for. There are three different different types of plum … In the late 19th century, more European varieties and new Asian plum types were cultivated and crossbred to create some of the plum types now available. However, we can also find them growing in their wild state – which purportedly have a better nutritional profile and more polyphenols ( 5 ). Stew sliced and pitted plums for about 10 minutes. Keeping them healthy and pest free is a commitment you will have to make in order for them to produce fruit. These plum varieties grow best in areas where peach trees thrive, and are considered more fragile than the other two kinds of plum trees. Plums are also called drupes fruit a hard stone surrounding on seed. Fruits come in a variety of flavors, including sweet, sour, bittersweet, and many more. This is a good option if you are looking for the sweetest plum variety. Anthocyanins, a specific type of polyphenol, appear to be the most active antioxidants found in plums and prunes. The fruit is medium to large often 2”-2 1/2” in diameter. Mature plum fruit may have a dusty-white waxy coating that gives them a glaucous appearance. INGRIDIENTS. It has a yellow flesh with a red or mottled skin. Plums belong to the same family as peaches, nectarines, and apricots. Internally, its pulp is sweet, juicy, succulent and varies widely from creamy yellow (mirabelle), crimson, light-blue or light-green (greengages or Reine claude plums) in color depending upon the cultivar type. Here are some ways, and how long it takes: You can eat the sweet, "dessert" varieties raw. DIFFERENT TYPES OF PLUMS •Black plum. Simple fruits are of two types, dry and fleshy. 1/3 cup brown sugar. Learn more about the definition of fruit, fruit types, the importance of fruit… The health benefits of plums include relief from indigestion, influenza infections, weight loss, and anxiety-related problems.Plums’ antioxidant power helps to prevent and manage osteoporosis, macular degeneration, diabetes, and obesity.Additionally, plums also improve cognition, boost immunity, keep the nervous system healthy, and aid in skincare. There are two types of varieties, the European, that contain less water and more soluble solids, suitable to be dried, and the Japanese, more juicy for fresh consumption. Growing fruit trees in South Africa is worth the effort. It has good texture and taste. Plum is about the size of an average tomato, measuring about 5-6 cm in diameter and weigh about 50-70 g.It features central umbilicated depression at the stem end. EUROPEAN PLUMS . If your garden space is limited, you don’t need to grow an entire orchard. These fruits develop from the ripening of a single ovary of a flower. The principal purpose of the fruit is the protection and dispersal of the seed, though some seedless fruits have been developed. In the USA, European plums are eaten fresh, as fresh slices in salads and desserts, and processed as puree for baby food, baking, dried fruit, and fermented as alcoholic beverages, depending on the varieties. Plums are native to a number of temperate regions around the world, including North America. Types of fruit Fruit is the sweet, fleshy, edible part of a plant. There are also dried plums which very tangy and plum is a single seed fruit. The shape of the fruit means that when it is sliced, the section form five-pointed stars (although in some cases fruits may have a slightly different shape). Plums are closely related to peaches and cherries and are widely eaten fresh as a dessert fruit, cooked as compote or jam, or baked in a variety of pastries. The European plum (P. domestica) and the This is a European variety of plum with dark skin and tart-flavored skin and flesh. 1/4 cup dried currants. Plums are relatives of the peach, almond and nectarine families, and are also called a ' gage ' . The most common European plums (scientific name Prunus domestica L.) are elongated, blue types, but other colors are available as well. 12 dates, pitted and chopped. Mirabelle plum - The mirabelle plum, also known as the mirabelle prune (Prunus domestica ssp. There are essentially three different types of plum fruit - European, Italian and Japanese plums. Fruit, the fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a flowering plant, enclosing the seed or seeds. There are many different types of plums which can be found in a wide variety of colours and sizes. Growing them in pots will keep them smaller and contained. Some types of plums are great for eating raw, but there are also lots of ways in which to cook them. All fruit types with nutrition information, natural and fresh fruits,tropical and compound fruits,organic and summer fruits, all about fruits and fruits nutrition, fruits development stages "Fruit is definitely on the maintenance diet. Early settlers brought European varieties with them, forgoing wild American plums. And, as one of the last types of plums to ripen in the season, these sweet treats are worth the wait. Starfruit is a type of tropical fruit that is rapidly becoming popular in the United States. The flesh is yellow and it has a cling stone. Skin is very firm, shiny, and waxy-like. Although damsons are... 2) Elephant Heart Plum. Some European varieties are thought to come from the Prunus domestica, a wild plum tree that grows near the Caspian Sea. It ripens in the third/fourth week of September. European. The rich, custardy flesh can be eaten just as it is or it can be pureed to make ice cream or milk shakes. Blackberries are one of the most commonly cultivated fruits. 1 Here’s the short version: most berries are OK low-carb foods in moderate amounts, but fruits can be seen as candy from nature (they contain quite a lot of sugar). Plums are delicious cooked in jams, jellies, butters, sauces; baked in pies and coffee cakes; dried as prunes; or - best of all - eaten juicy fresh right off the tree. There are some four varieties of plums like Victoria plums, Greengage plums, Damsons plums and Mirabella plums. First, the plum tree varieties compared below are in alphabetic order not order of preference. Two popular types of Japanese plum trees are the Satsuma and the Santa Rosa. Both plums and prunes come from the same plant genus called Prunus. Types of Fruits. There are 8 main types of fruits. Start with one or two trees. European plums are the most widely planted plums because they do not always require cross-pollination to bear fruit and grow in a variety of environmental conditions through out the U.S. European plums are best for eating fresh or canning because they are sweeter and less juicy than other types of plums. 1 cup milk. Fruits are usually eaten raw, although some varieties can be cooked. Roast halved plums for 15 to 20 minutes. They come in a wide variety of colours, shapes and flavours. A plum is a sweet fruit that grows on a plum tree.The scientific name for the tree is Prunus domestica.When the fruit is dried, it is called a prune.The color "plum" takes its name from the fruit.Prunus domestica is the European plum.Most of the plums we eat are grown on varieties of this tree. By being related to this genus, this makes prunes a type (or a variety) of plums. Unsurprisingly, this variety of plums is a large stone fruit that comes in the shape of … •Damson plum •Empress plum. The Japanese plum tree produces juicer plums, but the flavor of the fruits is less sweet than the European plums. Hybrid plums need a pollinating tree. 1/4 cup butter. 'Seneca' plum is another good European variety with very large, sweet, dessert-type plums that are also useful for canning. This is an epicuticular wax coating and is known as "wax bloom". They are great sources of many nutrients required by our body. Harry Pickstone is harvested in weeks early January and the skin colour is green with a touch of red when picked, but turns dark red after cold storage. DIFFERENT TYPES OF PLUMS AND PLUM PUDDING RECIPE . It is almost impossible to recommend a particular variety from those described below because each person will have different needs and garden situations. The definition of fruit for this list is a culinary fruit, i.e. It generally contains seeds. They are: Simple Fruit. The plum is named after one of the pioneers of the fresh fruit industry in South Africa. Shape, Size and Color Sarah Goldman Pepo fruit types are generally relatively large fleshy fruits that have multiple seeds throughout the flesh or grouped together in the center. PLUM PUDDING RECIPE. This fruit is eaten fresh and chilled, scooped out using a spoon and discarding the seeds. It is a very good late plum. MOST FAMOUS PLUMS • black plum. Damsons Plums Small and round, these types of plums may be the original sour patch kids, with a firm, yellow-green flesh that carries one of the most astringent tastes in the plum world, despite this varietal’s higher-than-normal sugar content. The fruit has a sweet and succulent taste despite being relatively low in fructose compared to most types of fruit. This even means that plums and prunes are related to other genus fruits like cherries, almonds and peaches since they come from the same family. For example, watermelon is a type of fruit that is classified as pepo fruit. Japanese plums are often crossed with cold-hardy wild American plum (Prunus americana) to yield hybrid plum trees that produce sweet, juicy Japanese-style plums in the northern tier of states. Despite the fruit's disgusting smell, when durians are ripe, the flavour of the flesh is the most delicious of tropical fruits. syriaca), is the edible drupaceous fruit of the mirabelle prune tree. Poach plums whole for 15 to 25 minutes. Widely adapted, reliably prolific, more compact, and less demanding than most fruit trees, plums are a natural choice for the home grower. They can be pollinated by another hybrid plum or by the American wild plum. Dried plum fruits are called "dried plums" or prunes, although, in many countries, prunes are a distinct type of dried plum having a wrinkled appearance (Li hing mui for instance). The flesh of the fruit is crunchy and juicy, and the taste can vary considerably across the fruit. 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