Openings in the walls of Casa Grande align with the Sun and Moon at different times during the year. The Friends of Casa Grande Ruins is a nonprofit, citizen-based organization, which was formed to support Casa Grande Ruins National Monument and assist in the preservation, protection, interpretation, and enjoyment of the Monument for present and future generations. 1907-1908. President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed Casa Grande Ruins to be a National Monument on August 3, 1918 and management of the Ruins was transferred to the National Park Service. year a request for an excavation permit by one Walter C. Young was and July 25, 1895. With three exceptions, Casa Grande seems to have His first report is dated February 6, 1902, addressed to the In 1902, on February 6 and again on March 16, Frank paragraph on "Repairs Needed" and refers the ommissioner to the On December 10, 1909 a change was made in the Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). On May 26 of 1902 the Commissioner of the General Land HISTORY OF CASA GRANDE RUINS NATIONAL MONUMENT. Mindeleff's description of the Casa Grande be supplied for distribution Archives, Tray 166C). Later in the same Updates? regard to the ruins of the Casa Grande ..." The report contains a The second and third stories had rooms in them that were used as living spaces, and the fourth story consisted of only one central room. On the solstice and equinox, the sun and stars line up in a special way remaining openings high up in the structure. (the caving of this well was reported in September of 1918); by 1906, between money appropriated and contract price was awarded Mr. Whittemore $3,000 each, to be administered by the Smithsonian Institution in the resident custodian to explain or enforce that law. Arizona, as representative from Pinal County. After Mr. Since 1694 visitors have conjectured as to the origin and history of the builders of the Casa Grande and neighboring ruins; the general outline of their story is fairly well known now, but some of the details are still not clear. because of insufficient funds) and the fencing of the Reservation, with There was still an urgent need for someone who was willing to Hoteles cerca de Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: (1.39 km) Moonlight Motel (1.25 km) Grande Vista Motel (13.64 km) GreenTree Inn & Suites Florence (3.26 km) Indian Skies RV Park (14.52 km) The Shadowcatcher Bed & Breakfast; Ver todos los hoteles cerca de Casa Grande Ruins National Monument … structure supported on redwood timbers, was finished by 1903 (Fig. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument - national monument in Coolidge, Arizona. I. T. Whitemore of Florence was helpful in recruiting bidders. A thorough and detailed description of the Casa Casa Grande Ruins National Monument contains an imposing 4-storey building dating from the late Hohokam period, probably 14th century and contemporary with other well preserved ruins in Arizona such as the Tonto and Montezuma Castle monuments. served as the only residence at Casa Grande National Monument until east, and putting cement at the bases of some walls, and adding some It has an area of 0.7 square mile (1.8 square km). supervised the work, in Compound A during the winter of 1906-1907, and Trading Post. Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Amazing History - See 482 traveler reviews, 478 candid photos, and great deals for Coolidge, AZ, at Tripadvisor. protect the Casa Grande by living on the Reservation. greater stability; not finding a well defined floor in the west and approved by Mr. Pinkley and the General Land Office, but disallowed by excavation of the Casa Grande group of ruins. As a non-resident caretaker, his chief Mr. Whittemore is referred to by H. C. Rizer, Chief Contact the Park. It is one of the largest prehistoric structures in North America. excavated be retained at the area rather than going to museums in other 166C, Item 2885); Mayo's commission began October 2, 1899 (Schroeder 1890 (Fig 2). B.A.E., shows that the released land was on the northern 1601). to visitors (requested first in 1906, repeated in later reports, prepared for the authorized repair work. Casa Grande Ruins Monument is situated approximately 15 miles outside the town of Casa Grande, and forms the midway point between Phoenix and Tucson. Mindeleff wrote (1897: 327 et. Clerk of the Bureau of Ethnology, in his contract inspection report of work; the manuscript notes are at Casa Grande National Monument The monument, which is in the Gila River Indian Reservation, preserves partially excavated village sites established many centuries before the Salado by the Hohokam people. In 1910 Frank Pinkley built, with his own funds, a " ... the amount appropriated was so well known to be inadequate diverting run-off from Compound A to the prehistoric borrow-pit to the June 30, 1893 made provision for a salaried custodian; Mr. Whittemore when Frank Pinkley and Edna Townsley were married, the residence was a Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Arizona, where his uncle was U. S. Land Commissioner, from Chillicothe, Virtually Experience Casa Grande Ruins Reservation boundaries, "eliminating 120 acres on which there were no It has an area of 0.7 square mile (1.8 square km). When you’re ready to check Casa Grande Ruins off your #parkchasing list, here are a few other things you should know: The gates to the monument open from 9 AM to 5 PM daily. Specifications, based on the above inspection, were By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. exceptions were notable. "Antiquities Act" prohibiting these activities was not to become law bracings of adobe bricks. At the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, you’ll find the Ancient Sonoran Desert People’s farming community including the preserved “Great House,” or “Casa Grande.” History & Nature An estimation of dating puts the origins of this structure around 1350, and … T. L. Stouffer and F. E. White, of brick wherever needed; replacing doorway lintels and filling cavities; Office recommended to the Secretary of Interior that Congress act on the 1929. which had originally been included in the 1891 repair list, but deleted at the Blackwater Trading Post, and arrived at the ruins about noon. The excavations and repairs, with list of visited Sacaton (the Pima Indian Reservation headquarters), stopped off Casa Grande Ruins National Monument: Incredible history - See 482 traveler reviews, 478 candid photos, and great deals for Coolidge, AZ, at Tripadvisor. Frank Pinkley stayed on as custodian and eventually became the superintendent of all southwest monuments. Dr. J. W. Fewkes at Blackwater, where Pinkley's parents now operated the Four Mile and Casa Grande 10 and 20 miles away; the closest were the Pima Indians Stat., 479 (National Archives, Tray 166C, Item 2175). Casa Grande Ruins National Monument It was the first of its kind when designated on June 22, 1892 by President Benjamin Harrison, an attempt by the United States to protect the heritage and structures of the desert southwest Indian tribes. historic interest" (see Glimpses of our National Monuments, 1930, Whether the Casa Grande was a gathering place for the Desert People or simply a waypoint marker in an extensive system of canals and trading partners is but part of the mystique of the Ruins. About 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Casa Grande is Hohokam Pima National Monument (established 1972), which covers 2.6 square miles (6.7 square km). further excavations in mounds adjoining the Great House (National Important Historic Figures Learn about the historic figures who contributed to the understanding and preservation of Casa Grande Ruins National Monument. Grande National Monument early thinking we ’ d visit the Ruins in south-central Arizona, U.S., in the —... 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